Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2018
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
The significant accounting policies and estimates used in preparation of the condensed consolidated financial statements are described in the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2017, and the notes thereto, which are included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC, on March 15, 2018. There have been no material changes in the Company’s significant accounting policies during the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 except for the implementation of Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2016-18, Restricted Cash, (“ASU 2016-18”), as described below.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) as found in the Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) and ASU of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) and pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC. Accordingly, they do not include all the information and footnotes required by such accounting principles for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (which include normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary to present fairly each of the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of June 30, 2018, the condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and June 30, 2017, and the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and June 30, 2017, as applicable have been made. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2017 has been derived from our audited financial statements as of such date, but it does not include all disclosures required by U.S. GAAP. The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with our audited consolidated financial statements for the period ended December 31, 2017, which are included on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 15, 2018.
The results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for the year ended December 31, 2018.
Principles of consolidation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its Subsidiaries, both of which are wholly-owned subsidiaries. Significant inter-company accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Use of estimates
The preparation of the condensed consolidated financial statements requires management of the Company to make a number of estimates and assumptions relating to the reported amount of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements, and the reported amounts of expenses during the period. Significant items subject to such estimates and assumptions include the carrying amount and valuation of long-lived assets, the valuation of conversion features of convertible debt, valuation allowances for deferred tax assets, the determination of fair value of estimated asset retirement obligations, the determination of stock option expense and the determination of the fair value of stock warrants issued. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Restricted cash was comprised of funds held in escrow at Green Bank for the purpose of paying for the construction of the lead recycling plant building in McCarran, Nevada. During 2017, the building was completed, and the funds held in escrow were dispersed.
In November 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board, FASB issued ASU No. 2016-18. The amendments in ASU 2016-18 require an entity to reconcile and explain the period-over-period change in total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash within its statements of cash flows rather than reconciling and explaining the period-over-period change in total cash and cash equivalents (excluding restricted cash). The Company adopted this new ASU beginning January 1, 2018 using the required full retrospective approach. The adoption of this standard resulted in an increase in net cash used in investing activities of $1.1 million in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2017. As there is no restricted cash at June 30, 2018 or December 31, 2017, there is no effect on the six-month period ending June 30, 2018. There was no restricted cash at June 30, 2017.
Net loss per share
Basic net loss per share is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net loss per share is computed by dividing the net loss by the weighted-average number of common share equivalents outstanding for the period determined using the treasury-stock method or the if-converted method, as applicable. For purposes of this calculation, stock options, restricted stock units, or RSUs, and warrants to purchase common stock are considered to be common stock equivalents and are only included in the calculation of diluted net loss per share when their effect is dilutive.
The following outstanding shares subject to convertible notes, stock options, RSUs and warrants to purchase common stock were antidilutive due to a net loss in the periods presented and, therefore, were excluded from the dilutive securities computation for the six months ended June 30, as indicated below.
Segment and geographic information
Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise engaging in business activities for which discrete financial information is available and regularly reviewed by the chief operating decision maker in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. The chief operating decision maker views its operations and manages its business in one operating segment, and the Company operates in only one geographic segment.
Concentration of credit risk
Revenues from the following customers each represented at least 10% of total revenue for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. They also represented a significant portion of our accounts receivable as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.
Recent accounting pronouncements
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02 - Leases (ASC 842), which sets out the principles for the recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure of leases for both parties to a contract (i.e. lessees and lessors). The new standard requires lessees to apply a dual approach, classifying leases as either finance or operating leases based on the principle of whether or not the lease is effectively a financed purchase by the lessee. This classification will determine whether lease expense is recognized based on an effective interest method or on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease, respectively. A lessee is also required to record a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for all leases with a term of greater than 12 months regardless of their classification. Leases with a term of 12 months or less will be accounted for similar to existing guidance for operating leases today. ASC 842 supersedes the previous leases standard, ASC 840 Leases. The standard is effective on January 1, 2019, with early adoption permitted. The Company is in the process of evaluating the impact of this new guidance.
In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07 – Compensation – Stock Compensation (ASC 718) Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting. This update expands the scope of Topic 718 to include share-based payment transactions for acquiring goods and services from nonemployees. The standard is effective on January 1, 2019 with early adoption permitted. The Company has elected to adopt ASU 2018-07 immediately. There is no impact to the Company’s financial statements upon adoption as there are currently no share-based payments to nonemployees. However, this standard will simplify the accounting for future share-based payments to nonemployees, as applicable.
There were no other recent accounting pronouncements or changes in accounting pronouncements during the six months ended June 30, 2018 that are of significance or potential significance to the Company.