Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Organization and Operations

Organization and Operations
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2019
Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]  
Organization and Operations
1. Organization and Operations

Aqua Metals, Inc. (the “Company”) was incorporated in Delaware and commenced operations on June 20, 2014 (inception). On January 27, 2015, the Company formed two wholly-owned subsidiaries, Aqua Metals Reno, Inc. (“AMR”) and Aqua Metals Operations, Inc. (collectively, the “Subsidiaries”), both incorporated in Delaware. The Company is engaged in the business of lead recycling through its patented and patent-pending AquaRefining™ technology. Unlike smelting, AquaRefining is a room temperature, water-based process that emits less pollution than smelting, the traditional method of lead recycling. The Company built its first recycling facility in Nevada’s Tahoe Reno Industrial Center (“TRIC”) in McCarran, Nevada and intends to pursue the development of additional lead acid battery recycling facilities based on the Company’s AquaRefining technology, likely through licensing or joint development arrangements. The Company commenced the shipment of products for sale, consisting of lead compounds and plastics, in April 2017, and through March 31, 2018, substantially all revenue was derived from the sale of lead compounds and plastics. In April 2018, the Company began shipping cast lead bullion (mixture of lead purchased to prime the kettles and AquaRefined lead from our AquaRefining process) blocks in addition to lead compounds and plastics and in June 2018, the Company began shipping high-purity lead from its AquaRefining process. During the second and third quarters of 2019 we operated up to four of our initial modules (modules 1 through 4) on a 24x7 basis. Throughout these quarters, the Company made significant progress related to its goal of ramping up the plant to full production. Some of the milestones reached were related to production and revenue records while at the same time reducing general and administrative expense. During the fourth quarter of 2019, the Company focused its efforts on completing the Phase 2 capital upgrades, including work done to commission the remaining 12 modules. On whole, completion of the Phase 2 capital work would enable the plant to operate at a positive contribution margin. These projects included concentrate production improvements, electrolyte chilling improvements, improvements in briquetting our spongy AquaRefined lead to prepare for melting and ingot casting, water recovery and management systems, upgrades to all the AquaRefining modules and finally, the paste drying system to increase our yields and throughput. On the evening of November 29, 2019, a fire occurred in the AquaRefining area of the facility. The fire and related intense heat and smoke caused significant damage to a material amount of equipment in the AquaRefinery area, including all 16 AquaRefining modules, electrical and tank infrastructure, steel superstructure, control wiring and other supporting infrastructure. As of the date of this report, we are developing and analyzing a strategy of accelerating licensing activities rather than engaging in a capital intensive rebuild of the facility.
Liquidity and Management Plans
The Company generated revenues of $4.9 million and $4.4 million during the years ended December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. The Company had net losses of $44.8 million and $40.3 million for the years ended December 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. As of December 31, 2019, the Company’s cash balance was $7.6 million.